1. Dysmenorrhea – Dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecological problem, affecting around 20% of women at some point in their lives. It’s usually caused by inflammation of the uterus and surrounding tissue, though it can also be caused by hormonal imbalances or other infections like staphylococcus. The symptoms include pain during periods and after sex, as well as heavy bleeding from unexpected places (like your nose).
2. Ovarian Cysts – Many women experience small cysts in their ovaries, which often go unnoticed until they become large enough to cause pain or discomfort. These cysts are often benign, but if they rupture they can lead to more serious complications such as infection or cancerous growths on your ovary walls (oophorectomy).
3. Endometriosis – Endometriosis is a condition that causes cells from inside the lining of your uterus (endometrium) to grow outside its normal location in your pelvis, usually on other organs like ovaries or other pelvic structures like bladder or bowel walls (pelvic adhesions). If left untreated endometriosis can cause pain during sex/activity, and infertility problems due to scar tissue formation within these areas.
4. PCOD (Poly Cyst Ovarian Disease) – A hormonal disorder causing enlarged ovaries with small cysts on the outer edges. The cause of polycystic ovary syndrome isn’t well understood but may involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Symptoms include menstrual irregularity, excess hair growth, acne, and obesity.
5. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) – An infection in any part of the urinary system, the kidneys, bladder, or urethra. Urinary tract infections are more common in women. They usually occur in the bladder or urethra, but more serious infections involve the kidney.